In most European countries, including Belgium, international migrations have undergone major changes during the last decades, leading to a complexification and a greater selectiveness of migratory policies and to the categorization of migrants in the host country. Yet, this has a particularly strong impact on individuals’ trajectories, in particular for migrants who develop new projects once in the host country such as adult migrants, without a student stay, who decide to go back into higher education. What do the Belgian legal framework and diverse categorizations allow or, on the contrary, do not allow to adult migrants going back to higher studies ? How do these individuals respond to it and what resources do they mobilize to pursue their project ? This paper analyses the phenomenon of migrants’ resumption to higher studies from a structure-agency perspective, highlighting the relevance of networks and the resources embedded in them in the articulation between micro and macro levels. Based on the existing literature and on preliminary results obtained through an ongoing qualitative fieldwork conducted with adult migrants from Democratic Republic of Congo, India and the United States of America in Belgium, it identifies possible constraints faced by these adult and migrant learners as well as the different social resources they are able to mobilize to gain autonomy and pursue their educational project in the host country.
IMISCOE PhD Summer School 2018 “(Dis)entangled mobilities”, Middlesex University and University of Barcelona, Barcelona (Spain), June 26-30 2018.
How to deal with constraints and categorizations in the host country? Networks, resources and capital of adult migrants with educational projects in Belgium.